More than 3,000,000 U.S. homes are currently worth $1 million or more, about 3.6 percent of all homes nationwide – more than double the share of million-dollar U.S. homes in 2012 (1.5 percent). And as the number of million-dollar homes has grown, so too has the number of million-dollar neighborhoods.
Million-dollar homes remain relatively rare, but widespread and robust home value growth – the typical U.S. home appreciated 7.6 percent over the past year, with many markets experiencing double-digit growth – is helping to quickly swell the ranks. Increases in the share of million-dollar homes are largely concentrated in pricey coastal areas and in neighborhoods that have experienced rapid price appreciation. The San Francisco Bay Area and other West Coast metros, areas that already feature sky-high home values and rapid price appreciation, topped the list of places with the biggest jump in the share of $1 million homes. Long Island, N.Y., is the only metro not on the Pacific coast to crack the list of top-10 places with the largest increase.
|Housing Markets with Biggest Increase in Million Dollar Homes, 2017 – 2018|
|#||U.S. Metro||% of Million-Dollar Homes in Metro, October 2017||% of Million-Dollar Homes in Metro, October 2018||Percentage Point Change|
|1||San Jose, CA||55.7%||70.0%||14.3|
|2||San Francisco, CA||67.3%||81.0%||13.7|
|5||Orange County, CA||17.2%||20.2%||3.0|
|6||Los Angeles, CA||17.5%||19.6%||2.1|
|7||San Diego, CA||11.8%||13.8%||2.0|
|9||Ventura County, CA||8.9%||10.5%||1.6|
|10||Long Island, NY||8.8%||10.1%||1.3|
|Click here to download the data for the 100 largest metros.|
Looking at the list above, it’s clear the Golden State more than lives up to its moniker. And given that so many homes there are worth $1 million-or-more, it should come as little surprise that California is also home to the largest number of million-dollar neighborhoods – those enclaves where half of all homes are worth at least a cool million bucks.
Of the more than 15,100 larger neighborhoods nationwide included in this analysis, 838 had a median home value of $1,000,000 or more, roughly two-thirds of which are in California. More than a quarter (29 percent) of California’s neighborhoods have a median home value of at least $1 million, the highest by far of all states analyzed. New York, Florida and Washington rank a distant 2nd, 3rd, and 4th on the list of states with the most $1 million neighborhoods. Even so, a whopping 82.8 percent of all $1 million neighborhoods are in one of these four states, demonstrating the immense value of housing in coastal states in general. Turning inland, Colorado has the fifth-most $1 million neighborhoods (27), most of which are in the Boulder area.
Of the nation’s 838 million-dollar-’hoods, 105 crossed the threshold in the past year alone. Among cities and towns analyzed with at least 10 large neighborhoods, eight of the top 10 with the largest jump in neighborhoods joining the $1 million club are (again…) in coastal California. Boulder, Colo., and Brookline, Mass., just outside of Boston, round out the top-10. In Boulder, 9.4% of neighborhoods — mostly on the west and north side of the city — crossed the $1 million threshold recently. Aspinwall Hill in Brookline was the one neighborhood of ten local areas analyzed that helped the Boston suburb make the list.
California communities are getting a lot of ink, but they aren’t all created equal. In the larger Oakland metro, 6.9% of larger neighborhoods (20 of its 290) crossed into $1 million territory over the past year. But that wasn’t driven by growth in the city of Oakland itself – a majority (11) of those 20 neighborhoods were in the city of Fremont, a few miles south of Oakland. Among metro areas where the number of $1 million neighborhoods is ticking upward, they tend to border neighborhoods that have crossed over recently. The million-dollar creep continues.
Cities with the Biggest Jump in Share of $1,000,000+ Neighborhoods
|City||Metro Area||% of Million $ Neighborhoods that Crossed into the Million $ Threshold During the Last 12 Months||Number of Neighborhoods that Crossed the Million $ Threshold During the Last 12 Months||Number of Neighborhoods Tracked|
|San Jose||San Jose, CA||23.5%||4||17|
|Santa Barbara||Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA||13.8%||4||29|
|Glendale||Los Angeles, CA||12.1%||4||33|
|San Mateo||San Francisco, CA||12.1%||4||33|
|Pleasant Hill||Oakland, CA||11.8%||2||17|
|Redwood City||San Francisco, CA||11.8%||2||17|
|Click here for the complete list of all City-Level Neighborhood Counts.|
In the city of San Francisco, seven neighborhoods were added over the past year to the 80 (!) that had already surpassed the million-dollar mark, including the South of Market, Portola, Ingleside and ever-popular Fisherman’s Wharf neighborhoods. In the entire city, only 15 neighborhoods remain where the median home is worth less than $1 million, including the Tenderloin, Civic Center, the Outer Mission, Hunter’s Point and its surrounding neighborhoods. Beyond San Francisco, smaller Bay Area cities dominate the list of places with the highest share of $1 million neighborhoods.
Cities with the Largest Share of $1,000,000+ Neighborhoods
|Metro Area||City||% of Neighborhoods with a Median Home Value of $1 Million or More||Number of Neighborhoods that Crossed the Million $ Threshold During the Last 12 Months||Number of Neighborhoods Tracked|
|San Francisco, CA||Foster City||100.0%||0||10|
|San Francisco, CA||Menlo Park||100.0%||0||16|
|San Jose, CA||Cupertino||100.0%||0||12|
|San Jose, CA||Mountain View||100.0%||0||18|
|San Jose, CA||Palo Alto||100.0%||0||29|
|San Jose, CA||Sunnyvale||100.0%||0||10|
|San Francisco, CA||Redwood City||94.1%||2||17|
|San Rafael, CA||Mill Valley||93.3%||0||15|
|San Francisco, CA||San Mateo||90.9%||4||33|
|Click here for the complete list of all City-Level Neighborhood Counts.|
Click here for a full interactive map.
Among the 100 largest metro areas, three got their first million-dollar neighborhood in the past of year. In Austin, the median home value in Barton Creek increased to $1.02 million in October, up from $935,000 a year ago. Roughly a 30-minute drive from downtown Austin, homes in this area tend to be very large and relatively new. The median home value in Indianapolis’ Crows Nest area jumped 9.1 percent over the past 12 months to $1.07 million, up from roughly $977,000 the year before. Finally, in Newport, RI, south of Providence, the median home value in Lily-Almy Pond increased to $1.15 million, from $843,300 the previous year.
There are also several neighborhoods nationwide likely to join the ranks of million-dollar spots in the next year or two if trends continue to hold. These include neighborhoods like Birch Park Finger Streets in Fort Lauderdale, Stonegate in Renton (southeast of Seattle), and Cherokee Park in Sandy Springs, outside of Atlanta. These places all currently have median home values north of $900,000, and have appreciated more than 14 percent since last year.
To be considered in the analysis, a neighborhood needed to have at least 20 homes for which we had a home value estimate, as well as a price trend which didn’t seem to be beyond the realm of reasonable given metro and national trends. For discussions of cities, only cites with at least 10 neighborhoods in consideration were ranked and included in the analysis.