Hi Home Owner and thanks for your post.
Frankly, "location" and "neighborhood" mean ALL of the things you've noted, and it is part of what makes one home of equal size and composition worth slightly more or slightly less in the eyes of the buyer. Here are some of the factors within the neighborhood (meaning it's not the home, but the area where the home is located and the area's geographical, traffic and community features) that add to or detract from the value of the home:
1. Crime statistics in the area
2. Proximity to highway, busy streets, railroad tracks, etc.
3. Schools and school performance
4. Proximity to freeway access and stores or shopping
5. Proximity to utility lines and features
6. Location in flood zone or near flood inundation areas
7. Location in a fire zone
8. Location in an earthquake fault or earthquake prone area
9. Location near airport or flight paths
10. Location near trash dumps, cemetaries, funeral homes, schools, churches, social halls
All of the above either positively or negatively affect the home. Obviously, more noise from any external source can limit the number of buyers interested in the home, so keep that in mind. As to whether something is, by its nature, negative, that is a matter that you can and should discuss with your Realtor.
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