A 'Homeowner's Association Fee' that you may be referring to, is a fee paid by all homeowners residing within the community. Arizona's local governments over the years required the developers to defer the common area maintenance to be paid and cared for by the homeowners in that subdivision/ planned area development instead of the city retaining the maintenance burden.
The Home Owner's Association (HOA), elects a board of directors to oversee the community maintenance operations as well as the budgeting and collections of dues for the maintenance. Your HOA fee is typically paid either monthly, quarterly, or annually by all homeowners in the community.
For more specifics on the HOA dues, rules and regulations, and guidelines to live in a HOA, you'll want to reference the Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions (CC&Rs) for the community.
Feel free to reach out to me if you have any further questions.
West USA Realty