Like it or not, your new landlord is going to be a part of your life for as long as you're living under his or her roof -- the better you're able to get a sense of his or her character and the terms of the lease, the more prepared you'll be to get comfortable in your new home... or to move along immediately and look elsewhere.
This covers a lot of ground -- you'll want to know what kind of shape the floors, walls, and ceilings are in, the windows (are they drafty?), whether there's any kind of smell or water damage, what kind of shape the electrical system is in, and whether the landlord will be painting and/or cleaning and/or repairing the place before you move in.
Also ask how requests for repairs get handled.
"I had a Portuguese landlord in a Portuguese part of Cambridge [Mass.]," recalls Jon. "He knew everybody in the area, and when we'd have a plumbing problem, or electrical problem, he'd pretty much snap his fingers and we'd have a local guy there to fix it. It was a real bonus to the apartment."
Water pressure and temperature -- and whether there's any water damage in the house or apartment -- can easily slip your mind when you're looking around a new place. Don't let it, as it has big day-to-day consequences, and isn't easy to fix.
Some apartments include heat, or electricity, or gas (or all of them!) in the rent. In some cases you're totally on your own. Know exactly what your likely monthly bills will look like -- all your utilities plus your rent -- before you commit to a place. And get a sense of where the heat sources are located and whether the apartment is warm during cold weather... if you've got to buy a bunch of space heaters, there goes a pile of money.
Just figuring out the exact rent (and utilities, etc.) is only half the battle. The other half is knowing when it's due -- and whether there's a grace period -- and whether there are late fees. Some landlords won't take a credit card for rent, and some will -- this could turn out to be a big question down the road.
Is the refrigerator clean and in good working condition? The stove? Is there a dishwasher, and what's the story with laundry -- free and on site? Pay and on site? Nominally free and on site but currently broken?
Making a bit of an effort to meet a new landlord can pay surprising dividends -- it helps to establish a personal relationship that can be fruitful in terms of beating out other applicants for a competitive spot, and for staying on friendly terms throughout the course of a rental period.
"I am convinced that I only got my current apartment because I showed up a little early to the showing, and chatted with the landlord for a bit," says Becky, a former renter. "It turns out that my father and he both went to the same university at about the same time, and they grew up very close to each other. I think it was that personal connection that gave me a leg up in a very competitive market."
Getting a sense for how you enter the apartment, what security measures are in place, who the neighbors are, and what the neighborhood is like are all good things to nail down. Ask about recent crime, and don't just take your landlord's word for it -- most police departments either post crime stats online or answer questions from prospective renters about the safety of the neighborhood that they're moving into. Do a bit of homework if you're moving to a new part of town.
Or is it street parking? How hard is it to find a spot? And if it snows, then what happens...? Do I need a parking pass, or is there a garage I can use? Are car break-ins a problem on the street? If you've got a car, check the situation out before you're stuck with it for 12 months.
Some landlords and leases are very flexible and allow subletting almost at will; some essentially forbid it. Know your rights and the landlord's attitude before you move in, or you may find yourself jammed up when you or a roommate needs to make a quick exit three months into the lease.
Many landlords welcome tenants making improvements (painting, making decorative changes, gardening and landscaping, etc.) and some will even negotiate a rent break or refund if you take on maintenance or make specific upgrades to the property. Others are much less flexible. Find out the type of landlord you're dealing with, particularly if you spot changes you'll want to make.
Life deals us a lot of cards, most of which seem to be utterly random, a few of which are aces, and a few of which are total stinkers. Sometimes through strange circumstances (subletting, boyfriend/girlfriend relationships, deceptive appearances) you may find ...