That is really going to be up to your local Country Building Office:
The reason that the Counties have the Permit process, (other than making money) is to ensure that buildings are safe by meeting Codes and Inspections. That requirement doesn't normally have a statute of limitations.
The only way around it is, if no one find out.
Imagine that there is a bad electrical connection somewhere in the walls, just waiting for a surge or an overload; and yes, they can sit there for 10 years.
The responsibility restd with the current owner, unfortunately; I cannot see suing the owner from 10 years ago. You'd need Perry Mason.
If you want to fight it, you'd have to contact a local Real Estate Attorney.