The answer is yes, but you must meet certain criterion. If the only hit to your credit report is the short sale and not unpaid HOA fees, slow payments on credit cards or other credit challenges, it take about 2 years before you can qualify for a loan. You will need proof of income, a credit score of at least 620 or more and low credit card debt. If you have other problems you need to get these fixed before starting the clock.
If you had a good credit history of paying your bill on time for a number of years before the short sale, have staid current on all other obligations, and have steady income (job) there are some sellers who will provide owner financing sooner. Generally this is at higher interest rates 6-8% and they prefer a 10-30% down payment, but there are exceptions.