Home Buying in Las Vegas>Question Details

Ladypenelop, Home Buyer in Las Vegas, NV

What is the difference between a short sale, regular sale, and REO?

Asked by Ladypenelop, Las Vegas, NV Fri Feb 3, 2012

Help the community by answering this question:


I have a “Short Sale Guide,” and an “REO Guide,” that I would be happy to provide to you at no cost if you want to give me a call or provide me with your email address. The explanations you have received so far are pretty good, (generally speaking). The reality is that there are a lot of moving parts to any real estate transaction, (including a regular sale). The problem with a Short Sale is there are some issues that are even confusing to the professionals attempting to guide you through the process. Not to mention that changes are happening in real time regarding the laws that governs these transactions.

For instance, can the lender pursue the delinquent borrower after a short sale? And, if they can, how long do they have to come after the borrower? Is it six months or is it six years? You will hear both as an answer. What about the tax consequences? If you receive a 1099c from the lender for the debt forgiven will you (the borrower), be required to pay taxes on that debt? Some say yes, others say that you are protected by the “Debt Relief Act.” The truth is, “it depends.” Another concern regarding tax consequences are that the “Debt Relief Act,” has not been extended by congress yet, (and may never be). So, unless your short sale settles this year (for now at least), you may find yourself sitting on a huge tax liability.

Having said all that, the answer to your question (in its most simplistic form), can be addressed as follows:

I. Short Sales are sales that occur with permission of the seller’s lender when the seller has a loan on their home that exceeds the current market value, and they have received an offer from some buyer that is “short,” the full amount that is owed on the property. It certainly is not a given that the lender will approve such an offer, but given the right set of conditions; lenders are approving short sales every day now. Generally, the lender must perceive the borrower has some hardship, (usually evidenced by the fact that the borrower/seller is not currently making mortgage payments). Generally, the lender must perceive the “short sale offer to buy,” to be a reasonable offer price that fits into their guidelines for what they perceive to be a “good” deal, (within the context of the current market values). Remember, if the lender isn’t receiving mortgage payments from the home owner anyway, they may be better off accepting a short sale offer price (if it is fair and reasonable), rather than foreclosing, because forecloser can be expensive for the lender. Also, foreclosing doesn’t guarantee the lender they will get a better offer. With that said, let’s look at what is an REO.

II. REO’s (also known as Real Estate Owned properties), can very often be Short Sales that didn’t work. Maybe the home owner was not able to find an offer that was acceptable to the lender, or maybe the buyer who made the original offer changed their mind, or for whatever reason the short sale just did not happen. It is very often the next step of the lender to foreclose on the borrower. But, for whatever reason, when a lender decides to foreclose (mainly because the borrower defaults on the loan), ultimately, those are a type of property owned by a lender after repossession. Sometimes they will list that home with Real Estate Companies and make it available to the general public. That is an REO property.

III. A regular sale is simply that. It is a real estate transaction that does not involve the lender. At least it does not involve a lender to the extent that the lender must approve the transaction or to the extent that the lender is not the owner of the property due to a foreclosure. A regular sale is what people used to normally think of whenever a real estate sale or purchase was discussed. Generally speaking, the owner of the property does not owe more on the property than it is worth, and there are not liens on the property that will interfere with the sale of the property. If there is a mortgage it is an amount that is less than what the property is worth.

If you find any of this information useful, or confusing, or interesting please let me know. I would be delighted to answer any questions you may have or provide whatever assistance you may need in processing your real estate transaction.

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Robert K. Peddicord
Real Estate Consultant
Prudential Americana Group, REALTORS®
Direct: (702) 218-3974
E-Fax: (702) 317-3371
Email : robertp1@americanagrp.com
Web : http://www.peddicordconsulting.com

871 Coronado Center Dr.
Suite 100
Henderson, NV 89052
0 votes Thank Flag Link Sat Feb 4, 2012
Hi Ladypenelop

If you call me or email me I would glad to provide you the the
right material that could help you.

Please contact me in I can assist with any other questions

Jimmy Balsano
Realty One Group
Fax 1-866-371-8421

0 votes Thank Flag Link Mon Feb 13, 2012
Short sale Is a Pre-foreclosure strategy that Sellers should take advantage now that the federal rules are in their favor. Regular sale is when a seller who has equity in his/her home is selling without abybody's approval. REO is real estate owned by the Bank, and is being sold after foreclosure has occured.
0 votes Thank Flag Link Fri Feb 3, 2012
Hi Ladypenelop. 1) A Short Sale is where the seller sells their home for less than is owed. 2) Regular sale and REO is relatively the same thing. Either the owner sells the home with equity or the bank/lender sells the home.
0 votes Thank Flag Link Fri Feb 3, 2012
Hi Lady Penelop.
A short sale is where the seller owes his bank more than it is worth and must get their permission to accept less. This generally takes 4 months +.
A bank owned/REO/foreclosure has already taken the home back from the owner and you deal with the bank directly. This transaction takes 30 - 45 days.
A regular sale is an owner with equity and takes 30 - 45 days as well.

The first step as a buyer is making sure you have you loan lined up. Then you can begin to look.
I know some agents won't show a short sale, but I believe as you see what is available it will become clear what is best for you.
Give me a call or email and I will sit down with you to outline the steps and guide you through a success home purchase!
Thank you, Kelly Stafford
Prudential Americana
0 votes Thank Flag Link Fri Feb 3, 2012
A short sale occurs when an owner has proven hardship to the lender and can sell for less than owed on his/her mortgage; the owner can accept whatever offer he/she wishes, but the lender decides to accept, reject or counteroffer; short sales are by no means fast sales, much will depend on the number of liens involved, who is negotiating the sale on behalf of the owner, etc., therefore, oftentimes much patience is needed...REO--real estate owned, the lender has ownership....regular sale is just that, it's not a short sale, nor real estate owned...
0 votes Thank Flag Link Fri Feb 3, 2012
1. A short sale, when the amount the owner owes on their loan is more than what the home is worth, is a little more complicated than a standard sale and may take longer to close. But they are not nearly as frustrating as they used to be. These make up a large portion of the market and short sales are completed every day in Long Beach!
2. In a regular (standard) sale, a person is selling their home and will pay off the loan when escrow closes, and maybe even make a little money in the process. Terms of the sale such as price, length of escrow and helping with closing costs are all at the discretion of the seller in this case.
3. REOs are homes that are owned by a bank in most cases, because the previous owner lost the home in a foreclosure. Usually they are priced very cheaply. But they can have a lot of problems and you usually can't negotiate much. Often these homes are sold "as-is". But some of them are not in bad shape!

Goran Krkic
"The Landrove Team"
Keller Williams Realty Southern Nevada
2900 Horizon Ridge Parkway #101
Henderson, NV 89052
0 votes Thank Flag Link Fri Feb 3, 2012
Search Advice
Ask our community a question
Email me when…

Learn more

Copyright © 2016 Trulia, Inc. All rights reserved.   |  
Have a question? Visit our Help Center to find the answer