You should be able to go to your County Clerk's office and look at the deed book to see who has filed a lien against the property. This is what the title insurance companies do. Many times the clerk's office will assist you somewhat, show you how to do this work on your own and with any luck the liens are filed electronically, but you'll have to do the legwork on your own unless you want to hire a title company to do it for you.
If it is a short sale the bank does not own it yet. short sale means there is a seller that owes more money to the bank than what the fair market value is. let me know the address I might be able to find out who the lien holder is.