you know that approximately three-quarters of the housing in the United
States built before 1978 contain lead-based paint? That is about 64
million homes. Â Lead paint can pose little risk, but it can also cause
serious risks when it isnâ€™t properly maintained and managed.
There are approximately 1.7 million children that have blood-lead
levels above safe limits. Lead poisoning can cause permanent brain
damage and damage other organs. It can also cause abnormal fetal
development for pregnant women.Â Lead comes into bodies by breathing or
swallowing lead dust, soil or paint chips.
The Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction ACT of 1992 directs
the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to ensure people receive
information needed to protect themselves from lead-based paint hazards.
In 2008, EPA issued the Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule. It
requires that firms performing renovation, repair, and painting projects
that disturb lead-based paint in pre-1978 homes, child care facilities
and schools be certified by EPA. If you are a homeowner performing
renovation, repair, or painting work in your own home, EPAâ€™s RRP rule
does not cover your project. For information on the RRP click here.
For home buyers federal regulations require that home sellers provide
lead disclosures to home buyers who are purchasing a home built before
1978. Buyers have 10 days to conduct a lead-based paint inspection or
risk assessment at their own expense.Â The regulation does not require
any testing or removal of lead-based paint by sellers.