The increase in mortgage rates coupled with rising home prices may dampen demand, but the recent upward movement in rates is not enough to make housing unaffordable to median income earners, according to Freddie Macâ€™s economic and housing outlook for June.
In fact, the GSEâ€™s analysis showed mortgage rates would have to climb to nearly 7 percent before a median priced home is no longer affordable to median income earners in most parts of the country.
From May to early June, the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage spiked more than 40 basis points, ending just below 4 percent last week after staying at or under 3.5 percent for most of this year, according to the Freddie Mac.
The GSEâ€™s report also pointed out that rates are still near 60-year lows.
â€œ[W]ith the exception of high-cost markets, primarily San Francisco south to San Diego, and Washington, DC north to Boston, which are already challenged with affordability, house prices in most of the country are very affordable,â€ said Frank Nothaft, Freddie Mac VP and chief economist.
In San Francisco, the median income is $91,000, while the median price for a home is $643,000. Even if interest rates stayed at 3.5 percent, a median income earner could afford a home that is $362,000, well below the median price of a home, according to Freddie Mac.
Housing in Detroit, on the other hand, would stay extremely affordable even if interest rates were to rise to 8 percent. With a median income of $64,000 and a median home price of $67,000, a homebuyer in Detroit could still afford to buy a home that costs $177,000 if interest rates increased to 8 percent.
Even though rising rates wonâ€™t eliminate affordability in most major metros (at least until they rise to 7 percent), the GSE expects demand to be reduced.
â€œ[W]hile rising interest rates will reduce housing demand, rates would have to increase considerably more before the reduction in demand for home purchases would be substantial. Nothing in the recent trends suggests that we need to fear a major slowdown. A gradual rise in interest rates will not derail the recovery, and are an indication that the overall economic situation is improving,â€ Nothaft added.
During the second half of 2013, Freddie Mac expects the 30-year rate to land around 4 percent. This upturn in rates is forecast to cause refinance volume to fall sharply to about $1.1 trillion later this year, down from $1.5 trillion in 2012.