RISMEDIA, February 14, 2011â€”(MCT)â€”More than 100,000 struggling homeowners could get help from a $2 billion program that California is launching, including about 25,000 borrowers who owe more than their properties are worth and could see their mortgages shrink.
The Keep Your Home California program, which uses federal funds reserved for the 2008 rescue of the financial system, has the potential to make a sizable dent in Californiaâ€™s foreclosure crisis and help the general housing market. State officials hope to fend off foreclosure for about 95,000 borrowers and provide moving assistance to about 6,500 people who do lose their homes.
Consumer advocates have criticized other attempts at foreclosure prevention as falling short, particularly the Obama administrationâ€™s $75 billion program to help troubled borrowers. They were heartened by the scope of Californiaâ€™s effort but concerned it would be hampered if the state canâ€™t get major banks on board.
Said Paul Leonard, California director for the Center for Responsible Lending, â€œTwo billion dollars in total for the state to provide assistance to help borrowers avoid foreclosure is a substantial amount of money, and we hope that it will have some significant impacts in achieving its goals.
â€œThe key to this program is how much the banks are willing to participate and be flexible toward homeownersâ€™ needs,â€ said Preeti Vissa, community reinvestment director for the Greenling Institute.
The size of the Golden Stateâ€™s foreclosure problem was underscored by data showing that 15,893 California homes were seized by big banks last month, the third-worst performance in the nation.
Januaryâ€™s tally was a 32% increase from the previous month, though still down 7% from January 2010, according to RealtyTrac of Irvine. Nationwide, lenders took back 78,133 properties in January, up 12% from the previous month but down 11% from January 2010.
â€œWe are not out of the woods by a long shot,â€ said Rick Sharga, RealtyTrac senior vice president. â€œEconomic factors are what are driving most foreclosures right now, and so the stateâ€™s economy being what it is, it doesnâ€™t appear that there is going to be a near-term correction either.â€
The stateâ€™s new program aims to address the two central issues facing Californiaâ€™s beleaguered housing market: the stateâ€™s stubborn joblessness problem and the massive number of underwater homeowners.
By keeping some cheap foreclosed properties from reaching the market, the program could give a boost toÂ home valuesÂ in general. â€œIf they can actually stave off foreclosures and the people stay in the homes, then that is a great thing for the market,â€ said Stan Humphries, chief economist at Zillow.com. â€œIt would be great because the continuing flow of foreclosures on the marketplace exerts downward pressure on home prices, and it also creates more supply of inventory on the marketplace.â€
The biggest of the planâ€™s four parts allocates $875 million as temporary financial help to people who have seen their paychecks cut or have lost their jobs, providing as much as $3,000 a month for six months to cover home payments and associated costs. The second-largest chunk of money, $790 million, is slated for a principal reduction program that would write down the value of an estimated 25,135 underwater mortgages.
Another piece would use $129 million to provide as much as $15,000 apiece to help homeowners get current on their mortgages, and another would take $32 million to provide moving assistance for people who canâ€™t afford to remain in their homes.
The program is aimed at helping low- and moderate-income people who own only one property. To qualify in Los Angeles County, for instance, a family couldnâ€™t earn more than $75,600 a year. The maximum benefit for any household participating in the program is $50,000. Homeowners who refinanced their homes to take cash out of their properties wonâ€™t be allowed to participate.
The principal-reduction component would pay lenders $1 for every dollar of mortgage debt forgiven. Many experts have said reducing principal on such underwater loans would go far toward reducing foreclosures because home values have fallen so steeply that homeowners are tempted to walk away from their obligations.
But banks have been reluctant to significantly reduce principal on loans other than on certain kinds of risky mortgages that are now seen as having been highly imprudent.
â€œYou hear a lot of people calling for it, but there are not a lot of people in the mortgage industry who favor it,â€ said Guy Cecala, publisher of Inside Mortgage Finance. â€œThere are a lot of issues around who deserves principal forgiveness.â€
Diane Richardson, director of legislation for the stateâ€™s housing finance agency, said she expects other lenders to join the principal-reduction program. â€œWe are continuing to have conversations with other lenders about coming on board,â€ she said. â€œSo if somebody sees their lender, and it doesnâ€™t show them participating, they shouldnâ€™t assume that they wonâ€™t be.â€ Money will be reallocated to other parts of the program if it isnâ€™t spent on principal reduction.
(c) 2011, Los Angeles Times.
Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services.
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