Did You Know About Cherokee County Chronology
County is in the far Western part of North Carolina and has a long and
interesting history. The following chronology of events notes high-lights
- 1820 - The Baptist Church established mission school
and church at Old Natchez Town on Hiwassee River.
- 1830 - Col. A. R. S. Hunter builds an Indian trading
post, at present site of Murphy called Huntersville.
- 1835 - First post office opened under the name of
Hunting with A. R. S. Hunter as first postmaster.
- 1838 - Fort Butler established as headquarters for the
removal of Cherokee Indians over the famous "Trail of Tears."
- 1839 - Cherokee County formed from a portion of Macon
- 1840 - Census of 1840 shown county with a population of
- 1843 - Settlers moving west established village of
Persimmon Creek. . First post office opened with B. Stiles as postmaster.
- 1847 - Turtletown post office established on Shoal
- 1851 - Murphy incorporated as County seat of Cherokee
- 1854 - Fain Bloomery Forge begins operation on Owl
Creek. John Caldwell opens road from Ocoee River to Ducktown and wagon
travel between Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee becomes
possible for the first time.
- 1860 - First Methodist Church, Harshaw Chapel, built in
Murphy. Census shows county population as 9,166.
- 1861 - Governor Ellis declares state out of the Unio9n.
Cherokee County asked to raise 1100 men of Confederate Army. Clay
County founded from Southeastern section of Cherokee County.
- 1865 - Kirk's raiders burn Murphy courthouse. Battle
of Hanging Dog marks last battle of Civil War in the county.
- 1868 - New brick courthouse built on same site of the
one burned in 1865.
- 1871 - Hiawassee and Cheoah Turnpike company formed.
- 1872 - Meroney and Olmsted established first foundry
for manufacture of plows and hollowware.
Graham County formed from portion of Cherokee County.
- 1873 – Cherokee Herald becomes county’s first news
paper with James O. Robinson publishing first edition December 11.
- 1882 – Mount Pleasant Academy opened with Professor
Rolan in charge.
- 1884 – Famous Dickey Hotel opened.
- 1888 – Georgia and North Carolina Railroad reached
Murphy from Marietta, GA
- 1890 – Town of Andrews incorporated. W.T Corder erects first two story brick
building in Murphy.
- 1891 – Southern Railroad reaches Murphy from
Ashville. New brick courthouse
- 1892 – New courthouse destroyed by fire.
- 1893 – Courthouse rebuilt
- 1895 – Rebuilt courthouse destroyed y fire.
- 1896 – Courthouse once again rebuilt using some outer
walls of the tone destroyed in previous year.
- 1898 – Miners and Planters Bank chartered as first bank
- 1904 – Bank of Murphy organized. Murphy Academy and Commercial Institute
established by Cherokee Baptists Association.
- 1910 – Murphy waterworks system put in operation. Dome School building erected. Murphy High School defeats Copperhill
18-8 in basketball.
- 1911 – Louisbille and Nashville Railroad station
dedicated at Murphy.
- 1912 – The Commercial and Savings Bank opened. Cherokee Lumber Co. chartered. Murphy Courier begins publication.
- 1913 – Georgia and Carolina Railroad formed with
Cherokee County giving $75,000 for the line to run between Andrews and
- 1914 – Hiawassee Power Co., chartered to develop hydro-electric
power for the town of Murphy.
- 1916 – World War I comes to Cherokee as 15 young men
from Cherokee and Clay counties leave for training at comp.
- 1917 – Local Red Cross chapter organized. Influenza epidemic sweeps county. Hiawassee river clogged with ice.
- 1922 – First paved highway opened from Murphy to
- 1923 – Industry comes to Murphy with opening of
Oak-land Knitting Mill, Cherokee Lumber Co., and Hawkins Bros., Shuttle
- 1925 – Worst drought in history of the county with Cool
Springs the only source of water for the town of Murphy. Granite monument erected at the site of
Fort Butler to commemorate this historic spot.
- 1926 – Courthouse burns to ground. Ashville to Murphy highway opened
- 1927 – New courthouse dedicated. County court abolished by commissioners.
Fire destroys Cherokee Roller Mills.
- 1928 – Town of Murphy purchased hydro-electric plant
and transmission lines and will sell electric power in this section
- 1930 - Aluminum Company of America power projects get
underway on the Nantahala River.
- 1935 – Hiwassee Dam construction gets underway. Hughes Iron and Meta Co. and Mountain
Valley Associated Cooperative Cannery add to Cherokee County industrial
- 1937 – Murphy Mills destroyed by fire.
- 1940 – The largest Ten Commandments in the world are
laid out in white stone on mountainside near Murphy at the Church of God
The above Information was provided by
Mayor Hughes, to our Mountain Lakes Board of Realtors Luncheon Meeting. This infromation may be Prior History but may not be deemed Factual.
Current Facts about Cherokee County and Murphy
estimate Cherokee County 27,218
Population Town of
Murphy, 1601 in 2012
Population Town of
Andrews, 1754 in 2012
Cherokee County Land
area in square miles 455.43
Housing units, 17,563
Homeownership rate, 2008
thru 2012 is 81.6%
These items were reported by the Cherokee County Chamber of Commerce to Exit Realty Mountain View Properties.
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