Transitional land deals are picking up in 2013, but where the recovery is occurring is still very â€œpocket-oriented,â€ Nancy Surak told attendees at the â€œCurrent Trends in Transitional Landâ€ session on Friday during the REALTORSÂ® Conference & Expo.
Transitional land is defined as land that is in constant transition between uses, such as from commercial to residential purposes. Such land sales often occur when buyers anticipate that transition and often are willing to pay a premium to purchase the land from the owners, said Surak, a commercial practitioner with Eshenbaugh Land Co. in Tampa, Fla.
Land values faced big decreases during the Great Recession, with foreclosures sparking price reductions in some cases of more than 80 percent from peak prices. The sector continues to dig its way out. For example, Surak pointed to an example of a 675-acre parcel in Wesley Chapel, Fla., that was purchased in stages by Pulte Home Corp. in 2004 and 2007 for a total $29 million. By 2009, the property sold for $5 million, posting an 83 percent price reduction. The property, however, regained most of its lost value three years later. Homebuilder Standard Pacific purchased it in 2012 for almost $25 million and has plans to deliver its first homes on the land in the first quarter of 2014.
â€œCycles will continue, but Iâ€™ve learned that the best deals were purchased when most buyers were frightened and not willing to buy,â€ Surak said.
Transitional land deals are starting to gain steam in many areas, and in some cases are seeing a return to 2004 and 2005 values, Surak noted. â€œLand in highly desirable locations will command a premium, and during the next correction, there will be focus on infill locations,â€ she said.
When the market improves, take note of investor buyers, she said, as they tend to become quick sellers in improving markets. Pivotal to the recovery will be banksâ€™ openness to lending on land again. â€œEasier and less expensive access to capital may lead to price increases,â€ she said.
Local governments also play a critical role in the sectorâ€™s recovery.
â€œGovernment will have the biggest impact on value,â€ Surak said. Local municipalities that want to see development in an area can prove a boon for land values in those areas, since those municipalities often offer up incentives or reduce or eliminate impact fees that encourage development. On the other hand, local governments that want to curb development can make the cost of development rise, hampering the recovery in those areas.
By Melissa Dittmann Tracey, REALTORÂ® Magazine