So donâ€™t impulsively drive to your garden center. Walk your land,
consult an almanac, test the soil, and make a budget. Youâ€™ll save your
back, your budget, and your homeâ€™s curb appeal.
Tip #1: Get to know your land
Before shelling out money for new plants, consider whatâ€™s thrived and
died in past gardens. Ask, â€œIs this plant doing its job? Adding beauty?
Providing shade? Creating borders?â€ Give a pink slip to landscaping
thatâ€™s not pulling its weight.
If youâ€™re a newcomer to gardening
or to the area, scout the neighborhood to see which plants look happy
and which wither on the vine.
Keep in mind that even plants appropriate for your growing zone
might not work in your personal patch. Your particular soil conditions,
sunlight patterns, pest populations, and available water will determine
what will grow. Your local cooperative extension service can analyze your soil and recommend amendments and suitable plantings.
Tip #2: Become sun savvy
Even experienced gardeners make mistakes. They plant shade-loving
plants in full sun or sun-loving plants in partial shade. Before
planting anything in your garden, compare the amount of sunlight your
landscaping needs for the amount you have.
Evaluating garden sunlight is tricky because daylight is a moving
target: Seasons change and plants mature and cast different shadows.
So before plotting plant beds and tree locations, study the movement
of the sun throughout the day and, if you have time, throughout the
year. Calculate how many hours of sun each garden section receives. Then
check planting directions to make sure your greenery will get what it
Tip #3: Become water wise
Over-watering plants can kill your landscaping and budget. To avoid
death by water, know how much and when your greens need to drink: Sales
tags should have watering directions.
Drip hoses are thrifty ways
to water plants, because the water goes directly to roots, drop by
drop. Wind drip hoses around tree bases and bottoms of shrubs. Put hoses
on automatic timers to avoid over-watering.
If you have an in-ground sprinkler system,
install an ET (evapotranspiraton) controller. These systems, which use
real-time weather data sent by satellite to control when sprinklers turn
on and off, can cut water use by as much as 30%. The controller costs
between $300 and $400, depending on system size, but many municipal
water agencies offer rebates, particularly in the arid Southwest.
Tip # 4: Mulch much
Spreading a few inches of mulch in landscaping beds protects your
plants and shrubs from drying out, and makes beds look tidy and uniform.
Mulch also keeps down weeds and moderates soil temperature.
mulches--grass clippings, wood chips, pine needles--eventually
decompose and add vital nutrients to your soil and landscaping. Organics
also encourage worm growth, natureâ€™s own soil tillers and fertilizers.
bark mulch from the garden center provides a rich look for your beds,
adding curb appeal. It also prevents dirt from splashing on leaves.
Tip #5: Color your garden
Stick to a simple color scheme for flowers and blooming shrubs in
your garden. Your landscaping will look more cohesive and professional.
plants of coordinated colors creates a sense of luxury and order. If
you like pinks, add lavenders and blue-hued plants. If hot red is your
color, mix with yellows and oranges.
Keeping to a single color
family in your garden also narrows your focus when roaming plant center
aisles. If you are a gardening newbie and canâ€™t tell a tea rose from a
trumpet vine, ask the storeâ€™s plant expert for help. Most will be glad
to exchange their knowledge for a sale.
Also, gardening catalogs
and websites often group complementary colors together. Some even
provide a complete landscape plan, which you can faithfully recreate.
Tip #6: Avoid invaders
Ivies, grasses, and vines will fill in your garden quickly, and just
as quickly take over your landscaping. Once these â€œinvasivesâ€ take root,
unearthing them is difficult, and in some cases, impossible.
garden center doesnâ€™t call these spreaders â€œinvasives.â€ They are billed
as â€œfast growersâ€ or â€œaggressives,â€ but often thatâ€™s code for
non-native plants that take over the landscape and crowd out locals by
stealing nutrients, light, and water.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture maintains a list of invasives
that includes various ivies, grasses, weeds, vines, self-seeding
varieties of bushes and shrubs, and even seemingly innocuous herbs, like
mint. Your county extension service can steer you toward the species
best suited to your garden. Warning: If you love growing mint, grow it
in a pot on your deck or patio.
Tip #7: Beware of neighbors bearing green gifts
You should love thy neighbor, but donâ€™t ever take cuttings from their
gardens unless you know exactly what they are and how they grow.
Self-seeding perennials, such as Black-Eyed Susans and coneflowers, will
quickly fill bare spots with splashes of color. If you tire of them,
just grab a spade and dig them out.
But if a neighbor extends a
slender stalk of Rose of Sharon, or other invasive tree species, run
away screaming. These trees will spread throughout your yard and grow
roots so deep that only a professional--or the better part of your
weekend--can dig and pull them out.
Tip #8: Plant shade trees for natural A/C
Shade trees planted on the south and west sides of a house reduce
cooling bills -- up to 25% -- and lower net carbon emissions. So include
shade trees in your landscaping plan.
Choose shade trees according to their size at maturity, which could be 20 years away. Dense deciduous trees
-- maples, poplars, cottonwoods--are good selections because their
leaves cool your house in summer, and their bare branches let light in
during winter. Plant them close enough to shade your house, but not so
close that they will overwhelm the space.
If you want a faster growing shade tree, about 2 feet per year, select a northern red oak, Freeman maple, or tulip tree.
Tip #9: Power down your lawn mower
The Environmental Protection Agency says gas-powered lawn mowers
contribute as much as 5% of the nationâ€™s air pollution. Switching to new
generation electric and push-reel mowersâ€”which are lighter, quieter,
and kinder to your lawn than power mowersâ€”reduces emissions and cuts
To mow three-quarters of an acre of grass with a power mower requires
1 gallon of gas. As gas prices head to $4 per gallon, you could save
$100 a year by switching to a muscle-powered or electric machine. An
electric or good push-reel mower costs $150 to $250, so it will quickly pay for itself.
Tip #10: Grade your landscaping
Once a year, walk your property, cast a hard eye on your garden beds
and ask, â€œIs that plant doing its job? Is it growing into its space, or
wandering wherever it likes? Are leaves healthy or spotted with mold and
pests? Are these greens improving curb appeal or just making my house
If a plant or shrub isnâ€™t working out, itâ€™s compost. If shrubs are
growing too close to your foundation--1 foot away is good--transplant or
Make sure trees are growing no closer to your house than the width of
their mature canopies. Otherwise roots can burrow into foundations, and
overhanging branches can trap moisture against the roof or siding,
leading to rot and insect damage.
Check your flowering plants and
shrubs to see if they are indeed flowering. Too few or dull blossoms
should rally after a dose of fertilizer or layer of compost. An
inexpensive alterative to commercial fertilizers is manure tea. Fill the
foot of old pantyhose with a clump of cow or horse dung, tie the hose
to the watering can handle, and let the manure steep in water. You can
get weeks of nutrition from a little bit of dung.